真人做人爱试看一

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          Improvements are still needed of sludge disposal in Guangdong province

          Author: Taida machine       Release time:2016-08-18
          Reading guidance:Reading guidance: at present, Guangdong province begins to establish some sludge disposal facilities; but the harmless level of sludge disposal is not very high which is mainly presented in following p
                Guangdong Province of sludge treatment and sludge disposal work is still in the primary stage. Sludge treatment and disposal work still need to be further advanced. At present, although the Guangdong Province  has built some sludge treatment and disposal facilities, but the harmless level of sludge disposal is not very high which is mainly presented in following points: establishment of sludge disposal lags behind. sludge treatment disposal management links exist loopholes and sludge treatment and disposal situation is fairly severe. Sludge treatment disposal work is faced with certain pressure. Therefore, Guangdong Province also need to further strengthen the sludge treatment and disposal efforts to reduce local environment stress.
          Sludge disposal and treatment is faced with problems
               1. Huge environmental pressure of sludge treatment and disposal. On the one hand, with the promotion of the work of pollution reduction, urban sewage centralized treatment facilities continue to be launched, the amount of sludge generated is growing. According to the relevant plans of "Twelfth Five Year Plan" period, Guangdong Province will increase the sewage disposal scale of more than 500 million tons / day. The amount of sludge produced will exceed 11000 tons / day. On the other hand, sludge treatment and disposal technology threshold low. Half of the sludge adopts landfill disposal method. Disposal methods which are in line with the proportion of sanitary landfill are very fewer. By composting or nutrition soil, sludge eventually will be used for land use. Heavy metals tracking and monitoring management has not been developed simultaneously.
              2. Sludge treatment and disposal facilities construction lags behind. Construction of disposal facilities are hardware support for the realization of hardware of harmless sludge disposal. At present, due to lack of overall planning, inadequate policy support, access mechanism imperfect, harmless sludge disposal facilities seriously lags behind sewage treatment facilities construction.
              3. Sludge treatment and disposal environment management is weak. At present, sludge environmental management around the management standard of requirement are not uniform. only a few areas carry out  the sludge transfer combined single system. Majorities of areas only adopt this kind of attitude that they just find places to store sludge without considering where sludge go; as long as there is land to bury and pile sludge. They ignore secondary pollution caused by casual sludge disposal and landfill. This attitude fails to achieve whole process of environmental regulation of the sludge production, transfer, treatment and disposal.
          Suggestions on promoting the development of sludge treatment and disposal in Guangdong Province
              1. Establish government financial input mechanism
          Governments at all levels should intensify the implementation of sludge treatment and disposal policy support in order to guarantee sludge treatment and disposal of the funds. It is suggested that for provincial finance special funds can be used for environmental protection subsidies sludge treatment and disposal facilities construction and operation. city and county (District) government should increase investment in supporting environmental protection special funds and private capital investment in the construction of sludge disposal facilities. the State encourages the sludge treatment and disposal technology and equipment of the project. the government should provide financial and taxation supporting preferential policies. Investors are encouraged to apply for energy-saving emission reduction, circular economy and environmental protection special financial subsidies to create a good diversified investment environment.
              2. Strengthen responsibility assessment mechanisms. Local people's governments is responsibility body of the sludge treatment and disposal facilities planning and construction. It is suggested to increase the inspection supervision, promote the local government attaches great emphasis to sludge disposal and speed up the sludge treatment and disposal facilities construction plan. Increase capital investment and effectively carry out the infrastructure construction.
              3. Establish overall coordination mechanism. Sludge treatment and disposition involves in construction, environmental protection, development and reform, forestry, agriculture and other departments. Before the issue of the formulation of the relevant technical policies, lack of unified coordination. It is recommended to establish and perfect the management as a whole joint coordination mechanism. Under the co-ordination of the government, the relevant departments, according to the functions cooperate with each other for providing better service to sludge treatment and disposal industry.
              4. Carry out laws and regulations. In recent years, the state has promulgated various technical and economic policies guidance for sludge treatment and disposal work. In order to ensure relevant policies and regulations effectively implemented, the provincial government are supposed to combine with the actual situations of Guangdong and formulate management and technical support. The sludge treatment and disposal must be decided according to local conditions and avoid technology blindly. For example, a lot of forests are planted in our province. We can take advantages of available nutrients in sludge to produce organic fertilizer and land use. According to the subtropical climate in our province, the development process of anaerobic digestion and bio gas technology are worth promoting. In addition, try to adopt centralized disposal road, small and medium-sized cities to carry out the cement kiln, landfill cover soil and other technical roads.
              5. Improve the environmental regulatory mechanisms. The effective supervision of the government is the key to solve the problem of environment pollution caused by sludge. It is recommended to strengthen government guidance, rational planning, increase the sludge treatment and disposal process of environmental regulation. It is required for sludge treatment and disposal facilities operating units to apply for strict control of waste disposal permit in accordance with relevant law, establish sludge receive and dispose of the case file and sludge transfer implementation of order management system.
               With enhancement of the intensity of Guangdong Province pollution reduction work, urban sewage treatment facilities are constructed continuously. Subsequently, sludge amount produced is growing rapidly.  The implementation of  sludge treatment is very difficult. Faced with the insufficient disposal ability, it is urgent to establish a government fiscal investment mechanism to speed up the construction progress of the facilities and strengthen the sludge treatment and disposal of environmental management. During this period, the government can carry out real operation through effective supporting management and technology standard. The sludge treatment and disposal policy should be put into practice step by step with overall consideration. Explore a set of operation mode which can be applied to the actual situation in order to promote the sludge treatment and disposal and solve the problem of pollution.
           
           

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          真人做人爱试看一

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